Laminectomy is a type of spinal surgery used to treat conditions that cause narrowing of the spinal canal resulting in spinal stenosis. A laminectomy involves removing a small section of bone called the lamina, which is located at the back of the spine. A laminectomy can be performed as open surgery, which means that the surgeon makes a large incision in the back to access the spine.
Laminectomies can also be performed as minimally invasive surgery, which means that the surgeon uses a small incision (about one inch) and special instruments to access the spine. Most laminectomies are outpatient surgeries, meaning the patient can go home the same day. If you are experiencing pain due to a condition that causes narrowing of the spinal canal, a laminectomy may be an option for you.
The primary cause of laminectomy is nerve root compression due to an underlying condition such as disc bulges, bone spurs or thickened ligaments that press against the spinal canal. Symptoms of conditions requiring laminectomy can include sciatica pain that radiates down one leg, numbness or tingling in the arms or legs, weakness in the extremities and difficulty controlling bowel or bladder movements.
The goal of a laminectomy is to relieve pressure, improve mobility and restore function to the affected area. The risks associated with this procedure are minimal and most patients experience significant improvement after surgery. However, it’s important to note that recovery time following laminectomy varies significantly depending on each individual’s pre-operative condition, age and general health.
In some cases a fusion may also be performed in conjunction with a procedure which can help improve stability at the surgical site. Depending on your unique needs, Gulf Coast Brain and Spine Center will provide you with a specialized treatment plan for your condition to ensure an optimal outcome from your procedure. Learn more about this important condition from the Spine Health website here.